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Agriculture  //  Animal Breending

TopAgriculture

AGRICULTURE TERRAINS STRUCTURE
Arable terrains – 474 ha(3,6% of the agriculture area)
Pastures – 5022 ha (41,94% of the agriculture area)
Hayfields– 1228 ha (9,21% lof the agriculture area).
5022 ha
41,94%
1228 ha
9,21%
474 ha
3.6%
Arable terrains Pastures Hayfields

CULTURES:
Autumn whea – 15 ha
Oat – 20 ha
Corn – 150 ha
Potatoes – 160 ha
Vegetables – 40 ha
Lucerne – 38 ha
Clover – 31 ha
Beet – 20 ha
160 ha
150 ha
40 ha
38 ha
31 ha
20 ha 20 ha
15 ha
Autumn wheat Oat Corn Potatoes Vegetables Lucerne Clover Beet
TopAnimal breending

After 1990 there is an obvious decrease of the cattle.

In 2003
in the commune were:

Bovines – 1592 of which
cows and buffalo cows – 748 capete
ox andbuffalos – 238 capete
Pigs -670 capete
Sheep – 1959 capete
Caprinae – 84 capete
Horses – 33 capete
Rabbits – 148 capete
Chickens – 9925 capete
Bees – 386
9925
1959
1592
670
386
148
84
33
.
Bovines Pigs Sheep Caprinae Horses Rabbits Chickens Bees

Annual productions:

  • Cow milk production – 25.285 hl
  • Sheep milk production – 388 hl
  • Egg production – 420.000 buc
  • Producţia de miere de albine – 11,6 tone

SHEEPFOLDS
The locals usually keep their sheep in the village’s herds. There are several sheepfolds, as the commune is dispersed and has large pastures.

  • In Stanija the sheepfold is set on Tisa pasture.
  • In Tarnita there are two sheepfols: on the pasture on Ludu and on Porcurea pasture.
  • In Grohotele the sheepfold is situated on Dealu Mare pasture.
  • Buces-Vulcan has its sheepfold on Porchii pasture.

Besides their economic utility, these sheepfolds are attractions for the tourists. They can visit the sheepfolds where specific meals can be served by a camp fire, such as: “balmos” (a dish made of ewe cheese, milk and maize), sweet sheep’s cheese, cheese, whey, milk freshly milked, spitted lamb; and, on top of these, a double distilled “tuica”- a drink made of plums. Who is tired, can take a nap on a shepherd’s sheepskin coat, in the shack or out, in the open.

TopAgricultural tools and means of transport

  • Tractoars – 48
  • Mowers – 76
  • Ploughs for tractors – 5
  • Ploughs pulled by animals – 344
  • Harrows pulled by animals – 321
  • Sowers pulled by animals – 25
  • Threshers for cereals - 5
  • Tows for tractors – 6
  • Charts and chariots - 358
  • Transport vehicles (up to 1,5 tones) – 19
  • Transport vehicles ( over 1,5 tones) – 7